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Aesthetıc, Plastıc and Reconstructıve Surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery is a surgical branch that aims to correct congenital or acquired anomalies, shape and functional disorders, and to improve body image.
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery;


Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery deals with all kinds of surgical problems that may arise on the entire body surface. Events that disrupt the shape and function of the body can be congenital, traumatic, or acquired. For example, congenital cleft palate-lip, fused fingers (syndactyly), vascular lesions (such as hemangiomas); traumatic burns, facial injuries due to traffic accidents, various cuts and organ ruptures.

Various acquired skin and soft tissue tumors and chronic wounds are within the scope of this surgical discipline. Loss of bones (especially facial, cranial, and hand bones) and cartilage framework (such as ear and nose cartilages), shape abnormalities, pathological events (tumors, cysts, infections, etc.) also fall within the scope of plastic surgery. In addition to classical surgical methods, microsurgery, laser systems, endoscopy, and various chemical substances and drugs can be used for this purpose.


Cosmetic Surgery
Plastic surgery has a subfield called aesthetic (or cosmetic) surgery, which deals with operations and procedures aimed at making the body image more beautiful and perfect. Here, there are more aesthetic issues rather than medical problems. The media gives more coverage to the aesthetic aspect of plastic surgery, and perhaps for this reason, the public perceives plastic surgeons as individuals who only perform aesthetic surgery. However, plastic surgeons deal more with reconstructive surgery in clinics.

All plastic surgeons receive training in aesthetic (or cosmetic) surgery during their specialization education and they are the only authorized surgeons to perform these operations. Aesthetic surgery requires extensive education and experience. These types of operations require both surgical and artistic skills. In aesthetic surgery, not only aesthetic but also medical problems are sometimes addressed. For example, surgically correcting an extremely obese body or giant breasts (gigantomastia) solves both medical and aesthetic problems together.


Some of the Cosmetic Surgery Procedures are:

  • Breast Aesthetics (enlargement-reduction-lift)
  • Nose Surgery (rhinoplasty)
  • Breast and Nose Reconstructions (breast reconstruction from the lower abdomen/ nose reconstruction from forehead skin after trauma)
  • Body contouring surgery (liposuction, lipectomy, tummy tuck)
  • Facelift-Renewal
  • Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty)
  • Forehead and face lift surgeries
  • Butt lift surgery
  • Abdominoplasty
  • Lipoplasty/Liposuction (Localized fat removal)
  • Correction of Ear Deformities (protruding ears)
  • Jaw Surgery for Bite Problems
  • Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery
  • Burn and Chronic Wound Surgery

It is among the most frequently performed aesthetic operations.


Non-Surgical Aesthetic / Dermatological Procedures
Apart from surgeries in aesthetic surgery;

  • Skin peeling methods (laser, chemical or mechanical peeling) for blemishes, fine wrinkles, acne or old scars
  • Oil injections (lipfilling) for cupping and contour defects

Fillers for wrinkles (such as collagen, hyaluronic acid);
Applications for forehead and eye contour lines,

  • Injection auxiliary methods of oil and various fillers are applied for lip thickening.


Op. Dr. Ragıp ONAT

Aesthetic, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Last Updated on March 23, 2023